Quality of Information Check

Humans are faced with a robust forceful flow of information on a daily bases. Some of this information is of high quality. Other information arrives at all levels of deception and is designed to motivate, direct, and encourage a specific reaction. Marketing firms have found a treasure trove of profits based on this simple method. Criminal defense investigations is no exception to this phenomenon. The simple reality, information is directed and focused with one single intent. The intent to motivate and direct a court of law to convict and impose a sentence on a specific individual. In turn, the quality of this information is subject to manipulation through deception or a complete denial of critical facts.

A “Quality of Information Check” stands as a analytical counter measure to uncover the opposing parties denial and deception. Essentially, this methodology is the action of measuring the validity of information sources posed by the opposing party.[1] In practice, information quality is checked on a reoccurring bases.[2] As new information is received the information’s quality is checked and compared to prior information. The source of the information is examined in the context of background, motivation, and the context in which the information is uncovered. Thus, the true value of the subject information is measured.

This methodology is critical in criminal defense investigations. One, the validity of information is fully realized. Secondly, the resulting analysis production will expose information gaps, corroboration of information, and motivations behind the subject information.[3] In turn, the ensuing criminal defense investigation is able to meet the following objectives:

1. Uncover information gaps
2. Confirm suspected invalid information
4. Uncover denied information
5. Counter deceptive practices


The above description is written in the context of criminal defense investigations. The specific method is not limited to criminal defense, and can be applied to a wide array of problem sets.


1 A Tradecraft Primer: Structured Analytic Techniques for Improving Intelligence. US Government, 2009. https://www.cia.gov/library/center-for-the-study-of-intelligence/csi-publications/books-and-monographs/Tradecraft%20Primer-apr09.pdf., p. 10
2 Red Team Handbook. 5th ed. University of Foreign Military and Cultural Studies, 2011. http://usacac.army.mil/cac2/UFMCS/repository/RT_Handbook_v5_Apr11.pdf., p. 153
3 Ibid, p. 154
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Pennington & Associates Ltd. provides civil and criminal investigation services. Private investigators are available for immediate service in Ohio throughout the cities of Ironton, Portsmouth, Gallipolis, Jackson, Chillicothe, Cincinnati, Columbus, and surrounding areas. Service is immediately available in West Virginia throughout the cities of Huntington, Charleston, and surrounding areas.

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